Almost all the emperors of late Shang Dynasty were characteristic of lusting after beauties and exerting cruelty on people, indulging in comfort and pleasure. The aristocrats then were all fond of alcoholic drinks. According to modern conjecture, people living in Shang Dynasty were getting poorer and poorer in health because most alcoholic vessels and wares were made of bronze at that time, which were composed of tin, a poisonous substance easy dissolve in drinks, which would do harm to people's health after they drank . Emperor Zhou was typical of a luster for beauties and drinks. 《 Shi Ji. Yin Ben Ji 》 recorded, "Emperor Zhou ordered his men to gather much drink contained in a pool and hang a forest of pieces of meat, then ordered men and women unclothed to run after one another among the meat forest while he and his ministers drank day and night." The following generations usually used " a drink pool and a forest of pieces of meat " to describe a luxurious life and lust for sexual desire. That Emperor Zhou's savage dictatorship and indulgence in drinks resulted in the extinction of his power. Zhou Dynasty issued a severe forbidden-drink order in the districts where people used to be ruled by Shang Dynasty.
8.1.1 Indulgence in Drinks and Lust for Beauties
There were countless cases in the ancient times that over-drinking led to miss good chances, sometimes even lose some emperors' and kings' powers. One case was that King Gong of Kingdom Chu led his armies to fight against the armies of Kingdom Jin in Yan Ling . Kingdom Chu was defeated and King Gong's eye was hit by an arrow. In order to prepare for the next battle, King Gong sent for Zi Fan, a general of Kingdom Chu's armies. To his astonishment, Zi Fan Got drunk and couldn't come to discuss the military affairs. King Gong sighed in despair, " My army doomed to failure. " No way out, he was forced to retreat from the battle field. Zi Fan was punished to death for his violation against the army's rules .
That Emperors or kings sometimes got drunk could bring into a good end, e.g. Qi Hangong, king of Kingdom Qi lost his crown while he got drunk. He felt disgraced for it and didn't hold court for three days during which a great natural disaster took place, a lot of people had no food to eat. No way out, Guan Zhong, prime minister of Kingdom Qi, had to make his own decision to distribute the grain of state barn to those having no food, people were wild with joy. There spread a fold song saying why Qi Hanggong didn't lose his crown once more.
There was a story similar to what was talked above recorded in a book 《 Jiu Pu 》. During the Warring-State Period, Qin Mugong, king of Kingdom Qin, sent his armies to suppress Kingdom Jing. When arriving at the riverside, Qin Mugong intended to reward his army men with alcohol in order to encourage their bravery and loyalty, but owned only one pot of alcoholic mash. Someone presented a suggestion that even though there was one grain of rice, if cast into the river, your majesty could also share it with all the army men. Accepting it he poured the alcoholic mash into the river, all the army men got drunk after having it.
"Several branches full of peach blossom,
A famous poet of Song Dynasty named Lu You wrote a poem 《Wen Jun Well》 chanting:
Gentally in Spring breeze, brush gently against Wen Jun Liquor."
Being sent into exile to Western China, I become fond of drinking.
After getting a bit drunk, I like playing Chinese piano.
And I feel completely at ease without any restraints, for My stepping out of cocoon of power, again,
I'm heading for Wen Jun Alcohol Distillery for sipping.
After drunk, Zhi Zhang sways on horse like boating; With blurred vision, he falls down into the well, in water sleeping; Ru Yang, even having three dou of alcohol, dare call on Emperor, The moment he sees a cart loaded with alcohol his mouth watering, How he wishes he could remove his feud to Jiu Quan. Premier fish-drinks as if taking in hundreds of rivers dry, Which cost him a great deal beyond calculation per day, He says, fond of drinking was to avoid the crafty and treacherous. Zhong Zi, a handsome young gentleman, when drunk, look like a jade tree in the breeze swaying,
His head up, staring into heaven no care of nothing else while he is drinking.
Su Jin calls himself a pious Buddhist.
But he is likely to miss praying while fond of drinking.
Li Bai, having a dou of alcohol, is inspired to create hundreds of wonderful poems,
Drunk and asleep when Emperor sends for him, but reluctant to leave, Calling himself a god of alcohol.
Zhang Xu is entitled to god of flowing-and-freely-stroking handwriting,
No care about his manner, behaving to his heart's content before dukes and princes,
His handwriting turns at will, when he has three pots of drinking, With swift-and-free strokes as clouds in the air drifting. As if he is helped by God.
Jiao Sui got faintly drunk after taking in five dou of drinking, At the moment his remarks even sharpen and smarten, Which shocks all the drinker companions surrounding.
In literatural works, there exist a greater number of rather popular descriptions related to alcoholic beverages in addition to the stories mentioned above. For instance, Jin Ke's anecdote of drinking in Kingdom Yan; in a novel of 《 Legend of Three Kingdom》 , Zhang Fei , a general of Kingdom Shu conquered Yan Yan ( a general of Xi Chuan Power) by pretending over-drinking; Guang Yu ( a general of Kingdom Shu ) Killed Hua Xiong ( a general of Duke Yuan Shao ) after having adequate alcohol. In 《 Rebels at Water-margin 》. Wu Song fisted a fierce tiger at Jing Yang Hill after drunk; Monk Lu Zhi-sheng made a big violation at Temple Wu Tai Mountain after drinking too much. In 《 Legends of Pilgrimage to the West 》. Monk Shu Wu Kong a god, stole the "Live-Forever Drink". In《Red-chamber's Dream》 existed a "Wan Yan Tong Bei" Drink (pronounced in Chinese Pingyin), Whose original meaning was that ten thousand flowers were put in the same cup to brew an alcohol, but it's pronunciation in Chinese has a homophone of "all beauties end tragically in life" in Chinese characters. So, here it hints that all beautiful girls would be teased by fate and end miserably in life.